ICPD Programme of Action


At the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo, 179 countries agreed that population and development are inextricably linked, and that empowering women and meeting people's needs for education and health, including reproductive health, are necessary for both individual advancement and balanced development. The conference adopted a 20-year Programme of Action, which focused on individuals' needs and rights, rather than on achieving demographic targets.

 

Advancing gender equality, eliminating violence against women and ensuring women's ability to control their own fertility were acknowledged as cornerstones of population and development policies. Concrete goals of the ICPD centred on providing universal education; reducing infant, child and maternal mortality; and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care, including family planning, assisted childbirth and prevention of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS.

 

 

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ICPD Programme of Action

 

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) articulated a bold new vision about the relationships between population, development and individual well-being. At the ICPD, 179 countries adopted a forward-looking, 20-year Programme of Action (PoA) that built on the success of the population, maternal health and family planning programmes of the previous decades while addressing, with a new perspective, the need of the early years of the twenty-first century. Download in

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ICPD@5

 

 

 

 

Progress and challenges in the first five years of implementing the Cairo agreement were the focus of a series of meetings leading up to special session of the United Nations General Assembly (ICPD+5) in June 1999. The session identified Key Actions for the Further Implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action, including new benchmark indicators of progress in four key areas. 

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 ICPD @ 10

 

 

 

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National Progress in Implementing the ICPD Programme of Action 1994-2004

 

This Global Survey includes responses from 169 countries on the steps they have taken to implement the Cairo Programme of Action, including measures related to population and development, gender equality, women's empowerment, reproductive rights and health and HIV/AIDS.

 

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ICPD @ 15

 

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Looking Back, Moving Forward

After more than a decade and a half, the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development remains a visionary, holistic and pragmatic blueprint for countries seeking to address many of the challenges they face. This was just one of the conclusions of the ICPD at 15 review, which is described in this publication.

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